Politics and Government

By Alix Humphreys


Politics is generally applied to the art or science of running governmental or state affairs. Politics is a process by which groups of people make collective decisions. Politics can be observed in other group interactions, including corporate, academic, and religious institutions. It consists of social relations involving authority or power. The word politics comes from the Greek word Politika. According to Richard L Kempe, "Politics is the art of creating situations involving the threat of loss."

Political science is the study of politics. The history of politics is reflected in the origin and development of the institutions of government. Government is the means as well as the mechanism for determining the policy of the state. Philosophy which seeks a rationale for politics and an ethic of public behavior, which attempts to develop understanding of the relationships between politics and the economy and the governance of the two. Government is the mechanism for determining the policy of the two as well as the means by which the state policy is enforced.

Each time when government is formed they are composed of a specialized and privileged body of individuals who monopolize political decision making. Their main function is to enforce existing laws, legislate new one and arbitrate conflicts via government's monopoly on violence. In a democratic society the political roles remain but there is frequent turnover of the people actually filling the positions.

Governments can be divided into many namely, anarchism, constitutional, authoritarian, theocracy, plutocracy etc. In most western societies, there is a clear distinction between a government and state. A form of government or form of state governance refers to the set of political institutions by which a government of a state is organized. Apolitical party is an organization that is political and typically seeks to attain and maintain political power within government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns educational outreach or protest actions. The study of politics examines the acquisition and application of power.

In India there are two types of parties. A regional party is one which gain majority in a state and rule that state. A party which represents which represents more than 4 states is called a national party. The Indian national congress has ruled India for 48 years of 61 years of independent India.




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